Highlights of Executive Interventions in Selected States

With the astronomical increase in the number of people testing positive for COVID-19 across the globe, various countries in the world have adopted and implemented measures to prevent, protect against, control or contain the incidence or transmission of COVID-19 in their respective domains. What is common in the responses seen thus far, is partial or complete lockdown and restriction of movement and gatherings in aid of ensuring adherence to the social distancing rules recommended by the World Health Organisation.

The vast majority of these measures have been effected through the enactment of laws; subsidiary legislation; and the issuance of policies and directives to curb the spread of COVID-19 – with the United Kingdom leading the charge by passing into law the Coronavirus Act 2020 on March 25, 2020 which imbued the government with the plenitude of powers to prevent and contain the spread of COVID-19, including the prohibition and restriction of gatherings; the detention and isolation of persons suspected to have been infected with COVID-19; and the cremation of the remains of persons infected with COVID-19.

Various countries have deployed law enforcement agencies and other government officials to take steps to ensure compliance with these measures.

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